Dragons Statue


Chinese dragons traditionally symbolize potent and auspiciouspowers, particularly control over water, rainfall, hurricane, and floods. The dragon is also a symbol of power, strength, and good luck.

The dragon is a symbol of the Chinese nation. The modern poet and scholar Wen Yiduo (1899-1946) said that the dragon was a fabricated creature. The pictures of dragons people see today are all like what Wang Fu of the Han Dynasty depicted. He said: "A dragon has horns like a deer, a head like a camel, eyes like a ghost, a neck like a snake, a belly like a clam, scales like a carp, ears like an ox, palms like a tiger, and talons like an eagle.”

The Dragon is depicted with a horse's head and a snake's tail. It also bears “the three joints” and “the nine resemblances.” The three joints are head-shoulder joint; shoulder-breast joint; and the breast-tail joint. The nine resemblances are enumerated as the following: its horns resemble those of a stag; head that of a camel; eyesthose of a demon; neck that of a snake; belly that of a clam; scales those of a carp; clawsthose of an eagle; paws those of a tiger; and ears those of a cow. Upon his head he has a thing like a broad Holliness (a big lump), called [chimu]. If a dragon has no [chimu], he cannot ascend to the sky.

Chinese dragons were considered to be physically concise. Of the 117 scales, 81 are of the yang essence (positive) while 36 are of the yin essence (negative). Initially, the dragon was benevolent but the Buddhists introduced the concept of malevolent influence among some dragons. Just as water destroys, they said, so can some dragons destroy via floods, tidal waves and storms. They suggested that some of the worst floods were believed to have been the result of a mortal upsetting a dragon.

Many pictures of oriental dragons show a flaming pearlunder their chin. The pearl is associated with wealth, good luck, and prosperity.


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